About Autism

About Autism and Asperger Syndrome

  • Autism is a life-long brain disorder that is normally diagnosed in early childhood.
  • Autistic people have difficulties communicating with and forming relationships with others, and find it hard to make sense of the world around them.
  • Autism is a spectrum disorder varying in severity and impact from individual to individual, ranging from those with no speech and severe learning disabilities to people with IQs in the average range who are able to hold down a job or start a family. People with autism may also have unusual patterns of language development, narrow interests and engage in repetitive and sometimes challenging behaviours.
  • Asperger Syndrome is a form of autism in which speech development and IQ are normal, but in which social disability can be compounded by depression and mental health problems.
  • Some autistic people demonstrate significantly challenging behaviours; most need specialist support and care.
  • First identified more than 50 years ago, autism affects half a million people in the UK and tens of millions worldwide – and is one of the most common developmental disorders.
  • Boys are four times more likely to be diagnosed as autistic than girls.
  • Autism affects people of all racial, ethnic and socio-economic backgrounds.

Further reading

For more information on Autism please visit www.autism.org.uk

You may be interested in the following publications:

Autism and Asperger Syndrome Simon Baron-Cohen, Oxford University Press

Autism, A Short Introduction Uta Frith, Oxford University Press

Kingwood has a lending library with a small selection of books which you are welcome to borrow. Please contact us for details.